Geometrical Optics with the Raybox

Beginning experiments on light

  • The raybox

  • Propagation of light

  • Can light pass through all matter?

  • Shadows

Reflection at mirrors

  • Reflections at a plane morror

  • Mirror image at a plane mirror

  • Ray paths in a concave mirror

  • Focal length of a convex mirror

Refraction

  • Refraction of light at a semicircular body I

  • Refraction of light at a semicircular body II

  • Total reflection

  • Refraction at a plane-parallel Plate

  • Refraction in different media at a rectangular cell

  • Refraction in different media at a semicircular cell

  • Diviating prism

  • Inverting prism

  • Dispersion of white light with a prism

Lenses

  • Ray paths through a convex lens

  • Ray construction with a biconvex lens

  • Spherical aberration of a lens

  • Ray paths through a concave lens

  • Ray construction with a concave lens

  • The human eye

  • Visual error and eye correction


Geometrical Optics on the Precision Metal Rail

Basic experiments

  • Propagation of light

  • Shadows

  • Pinhole camera

  • Illuminance

  • Luminous intensity

  • Light collectors

Light and shadow in nature

  • Day and night

  • The seasons

  • Phases of the moon

  • Lunar and solar eclipse

Reflection at mirrors

  • Reflection at the plane mirror

  • Locations of images in a plane mirror

  • Mirror images at the plane mirror

  • Ray paths for different types of mirrors

  • Properties of a concave mirror

  • Properties of a convex mirror

  • Focal length law of a concave mirror

  • Images at the concave mirror

  • Images at the convex mirror

Refraction of light

  • Refraction of light at a semicircular body I

  • Refraction of light at a semicircular body II

  • Total reflection

  • Refraction at a plane-parallel plate

  • Refraction in different media at a rectangular cell and a plane-parallel plate

  • Refraction in different media for a semicircular cell and a semicircular body

  • Deviating prism

  • Inverting prism

Dispersing and recombining of colours

  • Dispersion of white light with a prism

  • Recombining spectral colours with a lens

Lenses/lens aberration

  • Ray path through a convex lens

  • Constructional rays of a convex lens

  • Images of convex lenses

  • The image formula

  • Determining the focal length of a convex lens by means of autocollimation

  • Ray path through a concave lens

  • Ray paths of lens combinations

  • Spherical aberration of lenses

  • Cushion and barrel distortion

Combinations of lenses

Focal lengths of lens systems

Optical instruments for enlarging the field of view

  • Magnification with a magnifier

  • The microscope

  • Changing the magnification of a microscope

  • Telescope models

  • Magnification in a terrestial telescope

  • Magnification in an astronomical telescope

Optical instruments and eye

  • The camera

  • Depth of field of a camera

  • The slide projector

  • The human eye

  • Vision errors and vision correction

  • Optical illusions


Colour Mixing

Investigation of light paths through a prism

  • Path of light through a prism

  • Light paths through a prism in different positions

  • Deflection in the prism

  • Minimum and maximum deflection

Spectral colours

  • Dispersion of white light with a prism

  • Chromatic aberrations of images

  • Investigating the spectrum colours

  • Spectra for different slits

  • Colour fringing at edges

  • Edges spectra

Colour mixing

  • Recombining a spectrum

  • Light colours and object colours

  • Additive mixing of two light colours

  • Additive mixing of three light colours

  • Subractive colour mixing

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